Land Rover and Red Wharf Bay, Anglesey By Mike Lauterbach
When my wife and I were in the UK last November, I bought the November 2004 edition of Land Rover Owner International magazine, to while away airport boredom. The first article, Circles in the Sand, was by Dave Phillips. In this article he describes his journey along the A5, to Red Wharf Bay on the Welsh island, Anglesey, where the concept of the first Land Rovers was born.
We were here to travel through Wales, and then end off our holiday with a week spent with family and friends, living in and around London. Looking at our itinerary, I realised that we could fit in Anglesey, and travel back to London via the historic A5.
We had some memorable days in Wales, starting in Cardiff, where we were given accommodation by a pub owner, a friend who alternates living there and in Cape Town on a 3 monthly basis. The pub was located in a rough working class district, but we had great fun that night, and were dragged to a couple of other night clubs, blaring loud dance music.
The next day, a bit hung over, we drove to the idyllic holiday resort of Tenby, and spent 3 days here, one day longer than planned, because on the second day a 1 in 40 year storm arrived! Driving, as well as walking, was dangerous - some cars were blown over. I can’t remember what the quoted wind speeds were, but remember that they were in mph, not km/hr!
From here we made our way up to Anglesey, arriving late afternoon. We crossed over using the old Menai Suspension Bridge, designed and built by Thomas Telford in 1826 (1000ft span, 572ft high). The drive up to Red Wharf Bay was spectacular, reminding me in parts of the scenic Chapmans Peak. Red Wharf Bay, a very popular beach (see picture), was a disappointment, as most beaches there are. But it is here where the Land Rover history began. The history began like this, according to LRO’s Peter Galilee:
Maurice Wilks, chief engineer for Rover, bought two cottages on Anglesey in 1946, which he rented out. Then in 1947, they had a most terrible winter for many years, in which families in parts of the UK were stranded for weeks on end by huge snowdrifts.
“It wasn’t until after the welcome thaw, in April 1947, that Wilks managed to return to Anglesey for a family holiday, staying at the Wern y Wilian Hotel on the west coast of the island.
And it was one sunny day during that holiday that he relaxed on the beach of the nearby Red Wharf Bay, idly doing what any dedicated designer would do - scratching drawings in the sand.
Gary and Lynne
Clinton Umhlanga Rocks
Defender 90 TD5
Rodney and Barbara Wight Amanzimtoti Defender 110 County TDI
Brandon and Viv Jackson Westville Defender 90 TD5
Jack Visagie Defender 110
Remember it’s your club and you will get out of it what you want to. You have purchased THE BEST 4 x 4 x FAR and now its time to use it. See you at the next club event.
|When||What, where||More Info.||
|15 May||Cars in the Park, PMB||
WANTED SERIES Land Rovers to display on the day. The aim is to display a complete line up of vehicles from the early years up to the present. NOT ONLY FOR THE SERIES LANDIES , all members are invited to attend. Come along for the day and view the vehicles on display. Show off your vehicle and enjoy a day mixing with other members and enjoy a BYO braai. Fires will be provided. Contact Don Erwin or George for more info.
|18 June||Venue to be announced||
The second Club Gates event for 2005. Gates event in the afternoon and a braai and video evening. (Camel Trophy and driver training videos.) More info to follow.
3 / 4
|July||Lesotho snow trip||
If interested in a weekend or day trip up Sani Pass to play in the snow then give George a call for more info. Leave your name with George and you will be contacted when the snow trip is on.
3 / 4
|22 – 24 July||Shu Shu Hot Springs.||
Shu Shu is in the Tugela valley below Kranskop. Very rustic and one need to take everything. Give Henry a call for more info.
1 / 2
|August||Venue to be announced||
The third Club Gates event for 2005. More info to follow.
3 / 4
|23-25 September||Hidden Valley Mooi River||
More info to follow.
|October||Venue to be announced||
An event along the same lines as the Broadleaze event we ran last year. It’s a fun event suitable for the whole family. More info to follow.
1 / 2
|8 October||Watervale Lodge Inchanga.||
2nd annual Watervale Lodge Land Rover vs Toyota Challenge. Give George a call for more info.
4 / 5
|November||Venue to be announced||
The fourth Club Gates event for 2005. More info to follow.
3 / 4
NON LROC ORGANISED EVENTS but worth supporting. Give George a call if more info is required.
National 4x4 Challenge, Park Rynie area.
National Challenge which means that the big boys will be down from up north. Motor Sport of SA sanctioned event and hosted by the 4x4 Club of KZN. Come along and watch the different 4x4 vehicles take on the different obstacles. Full bar and catering available.
TRAIL GRADING All our events from now on will have a Trail Grading according to the 5 grades below.
1. Complete novice soft dirt road trail, no low range required. Suitable for all Land Rovers including the Freelander.
2. Limited low range required but suitable for the novice driver. Suitable for all Land Rovers with certain trails not suitable for the Freelander.
3. Low range and limited off road knowledge required. Suitable for all Land Rovers except the Freelander.
4. A low range technical trail suitable for the experienced. The inexperienced will be able to do the trail, as assistance will be available from the more experienced members. Suitable for all Land Rovers except the Freelander.
5. Extremely technical, suitable for the experienced only with the possibility of vehicle damage. Only suitable for "Series" Land Rovers. Ha Ha
NAGLE DAM 17 April
The meeting place was the Water Fall shopping centre car park. By 09h00 x27 Land Rovers had arrived for the drive through the Umgeni valley to Nagle Dam. The Land Rovers covered most of the models from Series 1, Series 111, 90, 110, Range Rover, Discovery and a Freelander.
The drive followed the Umgeni river up past Inanda dam. From Inanda dam we climbed up into the hills and followed the river from high up. I have travelled this route many times but still find the views of the river down below and the rock formations on some of the hills spectacular.
At one fork in the road we went left and near the rear of the convoy some one did not keep to the convoy rules in keeping the vehicle behind you in sight. A few vehicles took the right fork and went off on the wrong direction. Fortunately one of the vehicles at the back had a CB radios and a quick call on the radio had them turn around and follow the correct route. Two points raised here. 1. Convoy rules to be followed at all times and 2. A 2 way radio is in the Landy is more than just a communication tool, it’s an essential part of the vehicle. It keeps you in contact with the convoy and can get you help when required.
The route to Nagle dam was mostly dirt back roads which one would not normally use. A few options exist from the dam to travel towards Wartburg or across to PMB. Next time we will take one of the other routes to get to the dam. Quite a few people on the convoy had never been to Nagle dam, but I am sure they will be back.
Minerva was a well-respected belgian car builder but after the second world war it was as far down as it could get. After the war they were determined to get military contracts but the FIAT-based 4x4 vehicle did not impress the Belgian army. So the head of Minerva contacted Landrover in 1951 to compete together with Willys for 2500 lightweight vehicles for the Belgian army.
A 1951 80-inch model registered LNX 406, chassis 1613-5179 was sent to Belgium for trials. It later returned to the factory and was sold on through Macrae and Dick of Inverness.
In May 1952 Landrover got the contract for 2500 vehicles in form of CKD vehicles and Minerva was to assemble them under licence and with assistance from Landrover. Chassis, axles, transmission and other parts were supplied but the contract stated that 63% of the parts should be of Belgian origin. The body was made of steel and it's believed that also later chassis were built in Belgium as they differ in many ways from the originals. Also civilian models were made but in a smaller number.
The total number of military delivered Minervas were 8440. The records of the Heritage Trust show 9905 Minervas CKD were delivered, so the missing 1456 vehicles went to the Police and Gendarmerie and also to some civiliansAll vehicles were left-hand driven 80" models with 2-litre engine. The front wings were squared off and sloping (easier to produce), the bodywork was made of steel and the front grille was smaller and had the Minerva badge. Other modifications include lights position and size, exhaust coming out under the driver's door and external door hinges on the civilian models. The police and military versions had an spare wheel carrier on the right and an jerry can holder on the left. The front middle seat was replaced by a steel toolbox.
The army did not put them immediately into service but stockpiled them so almost brand new vehicles entered service until recently. It's even rumored that you can get still vehicles by surplus dealers with only a couple of kilometres. Imagine- a brand-new Series I at the price of a well-used Ford Fiesta.
http://www.yorkshire.u-net.com/Minerva.htm - one of the best links on Minervas
Cont’d from earlier.... Land Rover and Red Wharf Bay, Anglesey
He was focused on the fact that the awful winter highlighted the need for a 4x4 vehicle that could cope in extreme conditions: and he was aware aluminium was in plentiful supply. And thanks to those circumstances, it was there and then on the beach that he suddenly found himself sketching the very first Land Rover.
Maurice returned to Solihull and fleshed out his ideas with his brother, Spencer. They realised that the US Jeep would be the ideal vehicle to base their own 4x4 on and bought some Jeeps from a military surplus dump.
And then they worked quickly, within months of returning to Red Wharf Bay with the early prototypes to test them in the sand, mud and rocks.
It’s the stuff legends are made of.”
That’s why I am writing about this interesting piece of history.
We stayed over in a B&B and headed back to London. We forgot to stop at Llanfair PG. The first-ever Woman’s Institute was founded here, nearly 100 years ago. This place’s other claim to fame is its name, the longest place name in the world - Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndronwyllantysiliogogogoch!
We then followed the A5 back to London. This road has been in existence for nearly 2000 years, and was known as Watling Street. The Romans built it to connect London with the port of Holyhead. Many parts of the original road retaining walls can still be seen.
The other impressive structure we saw was along this road, the impressive Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, which carries the Llangollen Canal across 19 stone arches, stretching 1000 feet and towering 120 feet above the roaring River Dee. It was also built by Thomas Telford. It was pretty daunting walking on this high aqueduct. It must be pretty hair-raising crossing this with a canal long boat! When standing on the canal boats, it’s impossible to see the narrow 2 inch steel canal wall on the right hand side! I’m glad that we did not have to cross this when we did a canal trip on the Oxford canal many years back!
THE QUEEN MOTHER'S LANDROVER
This Land Rover was built specially for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother in 1965 by Land Rover. It has been the subject of a 4 page article by the world-renowned Land Rover writer James Taylor in Land Rover Enthusiast magazine in August 2002.
Details are as follows:
1. Unique factory chassis number: QM 1 / 2.6
2. 6 cylinder petrol engine (2 years before series production commenced)
3. Girling Powerstop remote brake servo
4. Overdrive and Free Wheel Hubs
5. Partial Factory-update in 1967 with flat heater, single wiper motor, long handbrake lever, key-start ignition, water temp guage.
6. Wooden Cover for passenger's side seat release handle.
7. 10 seater configuration (rare in the UK)
8. Specially-made rover car fitted carpet on transmission tunnel
9. MW/LW Motorola Radio with speakers throughout the car.
10. Unique interior and exterior rear wiper.
11. 'Royal' lino fitted to rear footwells.
12. Car is completely original and time has taken its toll as follows:
a. Paint is fading and flaking in places
b. One rear door is past its best
c. The chassis has been welded and has some surface rust and further work will be required to make it roadworthy
d. Some parts of the interior trim are torn.
e. The original royal number plates are included with the car (NLT 9) which can be used for show purposes. The car is re-registered on a 1965 London number for road use. NLT 9 is still used by the Royal Family on a Range Rover.
This is a unique opportunity to acquire a totally original genuine British Royal Family Land Rover. It comes with its Full Literature Pack as supplied when new.
Substantial offers around £20000 are sought for this unique piece of Britain's Transport Heritage.
ARTICLE IN MARCH 2005 ISSUE OF GETAWAY
Caption: Geoff Dalglish says there's a persuasive argument for outlawing the use of 4x4's in cities.
Former environmental minister Valli Moosa showed the way by banning 4x4's from beaches and maybe now it's time for his short trousered successor to take the fight to the cities. After all what's the odd squashed ghost crab or wheeltrack over an oystercatcher’s nest when compared with the truly magnificent carnage that can be reaped downtown?
A study by the US Insurance Institute for Highway Safety concluded that the occupants of a small car are 27 times more likely to be killed when hit by a large 4x4 than by a similar sized car. Cyclists and pedestrians are equally at risk.
The tree-huggers insist we're squandering our dwindling fossil-fuel resources while exhaust fumes are choking the planet. 4x4's are the biggest threat, they say, guzzling more gas and spewing out more exhaust emissions.
In a classic case of denial, Americans even resorted to buying gigantic Hummer 4x4's "for patriotic reasons" because their uniformed compatriots are using the same vehicles during the war in Iraq. Most Americans don't see a problem with powering their way through life at the wheel of colossal 4x4's or pickups, and I wonder if South Africans are very different.
There are no local statistics to back up claims that cars are safer and less accident-prone than 4x4's, but the fuel saving arguments are obvious. Consider that recently I gulped petrol at the rate of over 20 litres every 100 kilometres in Cape Town city driving at the wheel of a Nissan Patrol, while a hybrid Toyota Prius saloon would have sipped around a quarter of the fuel under similar conditions. Toyota is showing the way with its new hybrid vehicles at a time when we all need to rethink our impact on the planet and its dwindling resources.
In London motorists are taxed for the right to drive into the inner city. Across the channel, French road authorities hope to impose a hefty tax on new 4x4's. Perhaps South Africa should signpost the road ahead with some decisive anti-gas-guzzling-legislation or taxes based on fuel consumption and emissions.
But before you start writing hate mail, let me assure you that I love 4x4's and am passionate about where they can take me, although I'm also painfully aware of the damage they can do. Less than one in 10 South African owners take their 4x4's offroad; they seem content merely to wear khaki and prowl the concrete jungle in their Defenders, Land Cruisers or Patrols.
If you're not going to use the formidable talents of your 4x4, why not buy a more earth-friendly car instead? But if you're living the dream and using that 4x4 capability to savour a magnificent dawn in the Okavango or sunset in the towering dunes of the Namib, then you're talking to a kindred spirit.
LETTER SENT BY AAWDC IN RESPONSE
Dear Mr Dalglish
RE : RESPONSE TO YOUR ARTICLE IN THE MARCH 2005 ISSUE - PERSUASIVE ARGUMENT FOR OUTLAWING THE USE OF 4X4'S IN CITIES
Man’s impact on the environment can not be disputed. Most of us drives a car, very often the only person in the vehicle on our way to work, we use many products every day rapped in plastic, many of us have lush gardens which uses thousands of litres of water, etc, etc. Many of us do feel guilty about our wasteful lifestyle. That guilt is often expressed by finding a scapegoat. Four by four’s have become one of the most popular scapegoats over the past few years. Mostly unfounded though, since 4x4 owners probably play a bigger role in nature conservation than any other group. The Association of All Wheel Drive Clubs (AAWDC) with its 5000 members is saddened by the irresponsible and mostly inaccurate comments made by your article. Whether the objective of your article was to invite comment or just a tongue in cheek reflection on the 4x4 community, your article comes at a time when threats are being made by government to place even greater bans on 4x4 owners. The last enemy we expect is the one from within. We are sure that 4x4 owners make up a very large number of Getaway’s subscribers and readers and a very large portion of commerce threatened by new legislation supports you magazine through advertising. We would like to urge you to rather play a positive role for the common good by becoming more of an active role player and liaising with bodies and interest groups that are working tirelessly, trying to promote a responsible approach to the environment by 4x4 owners. Your article rather supports the scapegoat seekers by showing them that they have the support of the media.
The Bad and the Ugly on the Nagle Dam Trip.
Ps. You sort out the order.
|Landrover 110/90 Bullbar, excellent condition with spotlight mounts and light guards. R.1000onco. 083-7839630||LANDROVER ENGINE. Original 2.3 4cyl in running order. R1500 onco. Dbn. 083-7447072|
|Landrover Defender Rims with General tyre. 2x R350 each plus Landrover hubs for R350. Tel. 083 3769108 083-3769108||LAND ROVER Defender: Front & rear fitted rubber mats, R800. Recover kit, R600. Tel. Shirley 082-9293149. 011-8490947|
|LAND ROVER DISCOVERY SERIES 1 ROOFRACK: Aluminium. Full lenght. Good cond. R2250. (Menlo Park) 012-4604588||Warn 9000 Winch. Brand new & never used. R.5000. Yvonne on 0835563922 083-5563922|
|Landrover Defender 90 2.8i SWB: 1997. Green, 4X4, 189 000km, FSH at dealer (Forsdicks Land Rover), AC, PS, TB, 6 CD Shuttle, BB, Roof Racks for surfboard / Surfski. R.96000. 082-6786263||Landrover Defender SWB drawer system. Create extra packing space. R950.00 082-9557840|
|Landrover Defender 90. 1998. 2.8i Green. Sunroof A/C P/S B/B T/B Aluminium Roofrack. 167000km R.100 000 Anton 082-8537292||
LAND ROVER 5 CYLINDER TURBO DIESEL ENGIN PLUS GEARBOX: 2003, good
condition, R.34000, 3.9 v8 i in jector engin, 160000km, good
LANDROVER 1 SPARES. R34000. (PTA-East) 082-8217208
|LAND ROVER 2.5 TD 110 Defender: X-military, Shahara sand colour, 4 roofrack, extra feul tank, dual batterys. Very good cond. R38000 cash. (Cape Town) 072-4098230||Land Rover Defender 110 Bull Bar. R.350. 082-3245601|
|LAND ROVER Defender V8: Alternator R350 (Pta area) 083-3243765||LAND ROVER: Defender, Bbar, Winch plate, Spot brackets, Rap-around, All for R2000. (JHB) 083-4001100|
|LAND ROVER DISCOVERY: Roof carrier with holder for 4x jerry cans and 2x Gas bottles. Almost new. R700 onco. (Roedtan) Tel. Hettie 082-6411427 or 015-6670005||LAND ROVER SERIER 3 BAKKIE: Doors, bonnet, radiator, bakkie roof, steering box. R1500 all. (Alberton) Tel. Danie 082-4862060|
I have a 1966 Series
2A 109" hardtop with a badly rusted chassis. The vehicle is in
exceptionally original condition, all body panels intact and straight.
The vehicle was a runner when I parked it off about 10 years ago. I
have a second hand chassis in excellent nick onto which I had intended
rebuild the vehicle. Sadly I now realise that I would have to live to be about 147 to have any chance of achieving that ambition! Make me a realistic offer. Contact Peter Bassett (031) 785 1190 (o) or (033) 347 1303 (h)
Landrover Forward Control mobile home
Fakawi Canvas Canopy including Aluminium Frame for a LANDROVER PUP (It will NOT fit a High Capacity) R4500.00 ONCO CONTACT: Johan van Niekerk, Moreleta Park, Pretoria 012-998-7714 A/H or 083 681 7476
|LAND ROVER DISCOVERY: Roof carrier with holder for 4x jerry cans and 2x Gas bottles. Almost new. R700 onco. (Roedtan) Tel. Hettie 082-6411427 or 015-6670005|
|Is there any chance that someone out there might possess two old 110 front seats - condition of upholstery not a problem. I need to uprate the comfort factor of my Series 1. Also Series 111 "soft ride" springs would help. Contact ADRIAN MOORE 031-7851190||
Landy 109 or 110 load
bin to make into a trailer.
Contact Peter Bassett (031) 785 1190 (o) or (033) 347 1303 (h)
|Roof rack for Defender 110 CSW. Including roof tent would be great ! firstname.lastname@example.org Jeroen van Lobenstein|
Some Pics from the Nagle Dam Trip
TRAIL OWNERS & HUNTERS – TAKE NOTE – THE MINISTER IS REACTING!!
Dear Trail Owner / Route Operator
The following is an extract from the speech delivered by Marthinus Van Schalkwyk, Minister of Environmental Affairs & Tourism, on 14 April 2005 to the National Council of Provinces Policy Debate on Budget Vote 27: Environmental Affairs & Tourism. We have only extracted those parts of the speech that is of direct relevance to Trail Owners and Route Operators. The full speech can be viewed at: http://www.deat.gov.za.
Lets take up the challenge and see this as an opportunity to rectify unawareness of these requirements and actively participate in processes and decision-making that affects our future!
SAROOF will, during the course of next week, distribute a document to all members that details our proposed response to the Minister's speech. Members will then have the opportunity to put forward comments, suggestions and specific questions that will be incorporated with our position statement in a letter to the Minister.
Warm regards from a cold & rainy Cape Town
Francois Smit & Jonathan Deal
THURSDAY, 14 APRIL 2005 : Speech During National Council of Provinces Policy Debate on Budget Vote 27: Environmental Affairs & Tourism, By Marthinus Van Schalkwyk, Minister of Environmental Affairs & Tourism, on 14 April 2005.
Cracking down on illegal developments
Chairperson, the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process remains governments most important tool for ensuring that development is environmentally sustainable. Although government has been streamlining and fine-tuning this tool to increase its efficiency and effectiveness, environmental sustainability is being undermined by developments that have not been properly assessed and authorised. Since 7 January this year, these developments are officially illegal, and their developers may face fines of up to R5 million, but in the interest of compliance promotion we have , together with the provinces, provided a 6 month window-period for these illegal developments to make application, without fear of prosecution, and to come into compliance. However, should this opportunity not be taken, we will crack down on illegal developments negatively impacting the environment with the full force of the law.
Expanding Ownership of the Hunting Industry & Regulating Inland 4x4 Driving
Chairperson, in addressing the protection and expansion of
freedoms it is sometimes necessary for Government to create regulations that
drive change. The issue of industry regulation came up in the National Assembly
in the context of our concerns about Environmental Impact Assessment
Practitioners. Two other sectors that need to move more rapidly towards
better-regulated and more equitable practices are the hunting industry and the
owners and users of inland 4x4 recreational driving tracks. Our
Department will this year engage with hunters to thoroughly analyse the sector,
especially in terms of ownership, management, and skills development. Amongst
the possible options that may need to be considered are a code of conduct and a
BEE scorecard for the hunting industry, and this will form the basis of our
discussions in 2005. We will also move to fulfil our undertaking to structure
more regular interactions between hunters and our Department.
There are also some irresponsible 4x4 vehicle and track owners, whose activities continue to damage sensitive sections of our inland environment. We are pleased to see the recent announcement that a National Off-Road Workshop will be convened by the industry in October. A grading system for 4x4 tracks, including environmental grading, and the creation of a representative industry body would be positive steps. However regulations will still be required, and if there are not concrete proposals forthcoming from the industry within the next six months government will have to issue these unilaterally although this would not be our first choice.
So, what is being done NOW?
NOW – Time for Action 4x4’ers
Past conflict between End users and Legislators on issues of environmental damage control are well known. The fact is more legislation is on the way. Whilst legislation and control is necessary, there is concern in leadership ranks that Law makers cannot do this on their own. A plan of action was set in motion on 14th December 2004 in Swakopmund. A steering group (not by way of representation) but with the experience, personality and integrity make up to kick start and to guide this process of joint negotiation with Law makers. To devise an effective (out-of-the-box) solution and which must also impact positively on Environment far beyond the borders of the RSA.
The steering group are Jan Joubert, Jan van Graan, Leon
Zaayman and self. A war of words between Jan Joubert and the Minister's Office
and a solute to Jan Joubert to succeed postponing all further legislation until
the NATIONAL OFF ROAD WORKSHOP (Oct 2005). The Minister has indicated this in
his speech to Parliament.
The NATIONAL OFF ROAD WORKSHOP, supported (not sponsored) by the Minister, is tasked to draft a 'White Paper' for legislation and possibly to carry the
title:- "Effective control, standards and code of conduct for the Environmental Impact Industry"
Please visit the website http://www.ecotracs.org/NOW/Intro.htm (Special thanks to Donald Pittendrigh). The site also facilitates an 'Interactive debate/ discussion database' in short called "The NOW Forum'. http://www.ecotracs.org/NOW/_kbas/reqdtoc.htm Members and Leadership in the ranks of the Off road communities, the Leisure Industry and Printed Media should utilise the 'NOW discussion Forum' to show themselves and to impact on the process.
You can email the NOW Discussion Forum by mailto:Now@ecotracs.org
Last Modified : 07/02/2006 13:46